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Food & Water

Baby & Toddler (1 Year - 2 Years)

Fruits and vegetables

Organic fruits and veggies
Non-organic produce that's low in pesticides

Some pesticides are linked to IQ loss for exposures during pregnancy and early life. These are the best picks, but no matter what you choose, eat plenty of fruits and vegetables - benefits outweigh risks, hands down.

Fruits: Strawberries, apples, and nectarines top EWG's list of high pesticide fruits to buy organic. Better choices of non-organic fruit: cantaloupe, kiwi, and pineapples.

Veggies: Look for USDA's organic seal on sweet peppers, celery and spinach, which are otherwise high in pesticides. Good non-organic picks include corn, frozen peas and cauliflower.

For the full list including safer countries of origin and which non-organic fruits and veggies are best, see Consumer Report's Risk Guide and EWG's Shopper's Guide.

Don't Use
Garden pesticides

Skip the garden pesticides. The residues end up in your food, body, soil, and local streams and rivers. Find varieties that thrive without the chemicals.

Juice and fruit for infants and toddlers

Tap water
Whole fruit

Not only are water and applesauce easy for baby bellies to digest, they also don’t contain high levels of arsenic found in many apple juice brands. Whole fruit is also a good low-arsenic choice, full of fiber and nutrients. Follow your doctor’s advice on when your baby can start sipping water (usually around 6 months) and eating solid foods.

And make sure any water you give your baby is lead-free. You can test your water here.

Don't Use
Apple juice

There’s arsenic in many types of fruit juice. Apple juice stands out because children drink so much of it. It’s second only to rice cereal as the top source of arsenic in children’s diets.

Fruit accumulates arsenic from water that passes through contaminated orchard soil. The arsenic is dissolved throughout the fruit’s liquid, and becomes concentrated with juicing. Going head to head with applesauce and whole fruit, apple juice has fewer natural nutrients, less fiber, and more arsenic - not the best choice for your baby.


Basmati rice from California, India and Pakistan
Sushi rice from the U.S.
Brown rice from California

There's enough arsenic in rice that children who eat it can have 40 percent more arsenic in their bodies than children who don't. Exposures are especially a concern for pregnant women and children: arsenic is harmful to the developing brain, linked to IQ loss.

Rice picks up arsenic from fields formerly used to grow cotton, when arsenic pesticides were common. Some types are safer than others, grown in areas where arsenic wasn’t used. To cut your exposures, eat other grains, like quinoa and barley. You can also cook rice in extra water that you pour off afterwards.

Don't Use
Rice from Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, or U.S.

Testing by Consumer Reports found the highest levels of arsenic in rice from these areas.


Healthy rice-free snacks

Switching to rice-free snacks could cut your child's arsenic exposures by 40%, according to a recent study. Choose healthy snacks like fresh fruits and veggies, dips and whole grains, and natural snacks without "rice" on the ingredient list.

Don't Use
Rice snacks

Snacks likely to be high in arsenic include puffed rice, rice cakes, and cereal bars and other snacks sweetened with brown rice syrup. Choose rice-free snacks instead.